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How Much Does a Gallon of Diesel Weigh? (All Diesel Types)

How much does a gallon of diesel weigh? Trucks run on fuel, which is what gives them power. You need diesel fuel to get from point A to point B. if you want to transport profitable loads and maintain the viability of your trucking business.

How Much Does a Gallon of Diesel Weigh?

How much does a gallon of diesel weigh

A gallon of diesel weighs around 7 pounds. In the US, diesel weighs under 7 pounds per gallon (and a little more in Canada).

But let’s go with 7 pounds per gallon to make it a simple, rounded number.

What is the Price of a Gallon of Diesel Fuel?

There isn’t a universally applicable magic price. It all boils down to location and timing when it comes to diesel fuel.

As of June 24, 2019, you might only pay $2.93 for a gallon of gasoline in the Midwest.

However, the price of diesel fuel per gallon might reach $3.97 in California.

The good news is that there are over 1,000 nationwide in-network places where you can get BIG discounts on diesel fuel and pay no transaction costs if you have a TCS Fuel Card!

Does Diesel Fuel Weigh More than Gasoline?

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Gasoline and diesel fuel have significant differences.

Because of the massive molecules that make up diesel fuel, it is heavier than gasoline.

Due to its variable density and viscosity, it atomizes differently. Additionally, it has a much greater autoignition temperature and flash point.

Does Diesel Weigh More When Cold?

The density of 2-D diesel is listed as 53 lb/ft3 or 7.09 pounds per gallon at 59°F.

However, regulations have recently converged in some of the US regions with those of the European Union EN 590.

A gallon of number 2 diesel fuel now weighs between 6.96 lbs and 6.91 lbs in New England and the Mid-Atlantic States, while the ambient temperature is between 59°F and 76°F.

A gallon of diesel weighs roughly 7.05 lbs. at lower temperatures like 32°F.

In warm weather, diesel expands, and at extremely high temperatures, such as 110°F, a gallon of diesel will weigh around 6.8 lbs. These figures are based on diesel’s typical density of 51.84 lb/ft3.

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How Much Does a Gallon of Diesel Weigh All Diesel Types and Factors?

How much does a gallon of diesel weigh

1. 1-D (1 Diesel )

Number 1 diesel has a lower viscosity and is usually utilized in cold weather.

Additionally, chemically, it resembles kerosene a lot. According to the Engineering ToolBox, the density of number 1 diesel at 59°F (15°C) is 54.6 lb/ft3.

That is roughly 7.3 pounds per gallon when converted to pounds per gallon, which is somewhat more than number 2 diesel.

2. 2-D (2 Diesel)

Number 2 diesel has a greater viscosity than number 1 diesel and is the most popular type of diesel for normal and mild weather conditions.

The density of 2-D diesel is listed as 53 lb/ft3 or 7.09 pounds per gallon at 59°F.

however, regulations have recently begun to converge in some of US regions with those of the European Union EN 590.

A gallon of number 2 diesel fuel now weights between 6.96 lbs and 6.91 lbs in New England and the Mid-Atlantic States.

While the ambient temperature is between 59°F and 76°F. A gallon of diesel weighs roughly 7.05 lbs. at lower temperatures like 32°F.

In warm weather, diesel expands, and at extremely high temperatures, such as 110°F, a gallon of diesel will weigh around 6.8 lbs.

These figures are based on AVCalc LLC, a New Jersey-based corporation, which estimated that the average density of diesel is 51.84 lb/ft3.

3. EN 590

Diesel must fall within a specified range in terms of density, according to the European Standards Organization (CEN). En 590, the current standard, was unveiled in 2005.

820 kg/m3 (51.19 lb/ft3) to 845 kg/m3 (52.75 lb/ft3), or an average of 51.97 lb/ft3, is the needed range at 59°F (15°C).

This translates to an average of 6.945 lbs or a range of 6.84 to 7.05 lbs per gallon.

4. 4-D (4 Diesel )

For low- and medium-speed engines that run at a fairly consistent speed, choose diesel fuel number 4.

This comprises plant power generators and locomotives. The density of number 4 diesel is higher, at 59.9 lb/ft3 or 8 lbs/gal.

5. B5 (Biodiesel)

5% biodiesel and 95% normal diesel make up biodiesel B5. Biodiesel is governed by the ASTM D6571 standard, which should not be confused with renewable diesel or green diesel.

While most engines can run on mixes up to 30%, B5 is the only type of biodiesel fuel that doesn’t break manufacturer warranties.

B100, or 100 percent biodiesel, has a density of 7.3 lbs. Per gallon and a specific gravity of 0.88 at 59.9 °F (15.5 °C).

6. Marine Diesel Fuel

There used to be a separate ASTM standard for marine diesel engines known as D2069 before it was withdrawn, and these engines run on diesel fuel.

D2069 specified residual fuels, DMX, DMA, DMB, and DMC, however, marine diesel engines use number 2 diesel.

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